James Anderson - Revolutionary War Pension Application

Pension Claim:  S32096

Declaration.  In order to obtain the benefit of the act of Congress of the...1832, state of Indiana, County of Knox.

On this 3rd day of September 1833 personally appeared in before the president judge of the Circuit Court of said County now sitting, James Anderson, an inhabitant of said County of Knox state of aforesaid, who being first duly sworn according to law doth on his oath, make the following declaration, in order to obtain the benefit of the act of Congress passed January 7th 1832.  That he, the said James Anderson, was born in the state of Delaware on the 22nd day of October in the year 1743, according to a register of his father's and he well remembers to have heard his parents repeat the day and the year of his birth as it was recorded; that when young, his parents removed from Delaware to Frederick County, Virginia staying sometime in Maryland after having quit? Delaware; and he afterwards married and settled in Hampshire County on the south branch of Potomac, where he resided at the commencement of the revolutionary war; that the Militia in Hampshire County or in his neighborhood, were called for service and he was embraced with the married man of family who joined in scouring the country around and guarding the neighborhood, and who are in every call for service at a distance joined in hiring substitutes, still performing home service as aforesaid; that the duration of these services and calls, he cannot from age and loss of memory state precisely that a few days at a time after, and in pursuit of Tories, is the amount of his recollection but such services were often repeated and when required, were always rendered by him; that in the year 1780 he removed last and settled near the Falls of Ohio, now Jefferson County, Kentucky, where the Indians were troublesome and in the same year Col. George Rogers Clark called for volunteers, and he joined a company commanded by Captain Peter Sturgiss, the lieutenant was James Adams, that...marched in said company with other troops, or under the command of Col. Clark to Licking River, where Col. Logan with some additional troops joined the said command and all crossed over the Ohio River at same place; that the troops erected a blockhouse near to where the city of Cincinnati now is, and less command to protect it, and he marched on with the body of the troops to the Indian villages on the little Miami, where the Indians made a stand, and a battle ensued in which some of our men were killed, and some wounded and a number of the Indians were left dead upon the ground, when their comrades made a quick retreat; that the Indian villages and corn were completely destroyed and the troops were then marched home by the same route they had gone out, and were discharged verbally; that in 1782 Col. Clark made another call for volunteers and he joined a company in said neighborhood of the Falls of the Ohio River, commanded by Captain Andrew Hines, and was appointed and served as a sergeant of the same during another tour of duty under Col. Clark, who marched the troops on near the same route as before mentioned crossing the Ohio at the mouth of Licking, and on reaching the old blockhouse found it destroyed; that another blockhouse was immediately erected, and leaving some troops in it as before, the army proceeded to villages on the Miami which he helped to destroy, also a large quantity of corn and some white persons men and women were found with the Indians and restored to their country and friends, after which the troops were marched home by the same road and discharged as before; that after this, he the said applicants rendered various services in cases are for warm and Indian depredations in the settlement and was sometimes absent on duty a week at a time -- on one occasion he remembers being in pursuit of hostile Indians for eight days in succession without seeing any settlement; that in the year 1786, he was taken prisoner...to his own house on Beargrass as aforesaid by a party of Shawnee Indians and carried on the most? of the Ohio River to their towns where after ...and suffering, he was purchased by a French trader and by hand released but safety required are him to return home by the way of Detroit, which he accomplished after an absence of ten months from his family; that on many occasions that after his return from captivity when men were required to chastise the Indians, he stood ready and marched as cheerfully as had previous to that event; that he is out early unable to state the exact.  Of his service, his loss of time in captivity is remembered the impression is indelible, he never had any written discharges and knows of no person now living to testify to his services; he is now approaching the expiration of his 90th year and conscious that his care bring him within the law, he looks for a suitable provision for the few days he can hope to exist; and with clear certainty he can, and hereby swears, to six-months actual services, as herein related, in the attendant of the ten months captivity; that in the year 1816?, he removed into Indiana and has resided in said County of Knox, for eleven years past; he hereby relinquishes every claim to a pension or annuity except the present, and declares that his name on his accounts is not on the pension role of any state agency.  Sworn to, and subscribed in "war to, the day and year and aforesaid.

A. Kinney (sig)

James Anderson (his mark)

Mr. Stephen Kennedy, a clergyman of the Baptist Church, residing in the County of Knox, state of Indiana and R. C. Anderson are inhabitants of said County and state, do hereby certify that we are well acquainted with James Anderson, who has subscribed and if sworn to this foregoing declaration, that we believe him to be about 90 years of age as he has stated; that he is reputed and believes in the neighborhood where he resides to have been a soldier of the Revolution and that we concur in that opinion.  Sworn to and subscribed in open court on the day and year and aforesaid. 

Stephen Kennedy (sig)

A.  Kinney (sig)

Robinson C. Anderson (sig)

And the said court do hereby declare their opinion after the investigation of the matter and after putting the interrogations prescribed by the war department, that the above named applicant, James Anderson, was a Revolutionary soldier and served as he states.  And the court further certifies that it appears to them that Stephen Kennedy, who has signed the preceding certificate, is a Baptist clergyman to resident in the County of Knox aforesaid and that Robinson C. Anderson, who also signed the same, is a resident of said County, and is a credible person, and that their statement is entitled to credit.

A. Kinney

J. A. Dr. Scott Clark of this circuit court of Knox County now in session, the hereby certify that the foregoing contains the original proceedings of the said circuit court in the matter of the application of James Anderson for a pension.  In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and...of office, at Vincennes, Knox County, state of Indiana, this 2nd day of September AD 1832.


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